Government and Regulatory

Government & Regulators

Government issued documents form the basis of establishing the identity of individuals which is the fundamental building block for any subsequent services that the citizen may need to avail. In addition, the government also issues documents such as permits and licenses, taxation related papers which are essential for a business to prove its legitimacy and carry out its activities with minimum friction and maximum effectiveness

Qryptal’s solutions can be used by a wide variety of government departments and issuers and can truly help enhance the functioning of a business and increase trust in the ecosystem. We will have a look at some of these specific use cases in this section.

Driving Licenses, Passports and Identity Cards

The problem: the scourge of fake and tampered IDs

Fake ID cards is a widespread problem all over the world and every day we come across new stories about the same. The problem is simple:

An ID card is issued by one organisation/department to an individual and when it is presented to third parties - they cannot easily find out if the ID is fake or genuine.

For example you may have a driving license and you wish to present this to a bank in order to open a bank account. The banker has no easy means to validate the license because the trustworthy data resides within the database of the Transport Agency - the authority which issues driving licences in your respective country. Similar issues occur when you wish to use the driving license for other purposes: renting a car/apartment, applying for a loan/credit/passport etc.

For government issued IDs, even the public should have an easy mechanism to validate the credentials. So if a uniformed law enforcement officer visits your home - how can you quickly verify the credentials?

Also IDs are issued by one government department are pftened used to obtain IDs from other departments. For example, consider the case of using a driving license to apply for a passport. There have been many instances where security has been compromised because fake low-level IDs were used to obtain genuine high-level IDs.

The Solution

With sophisticated software, scanners and printers - these days nearly any fake ID can be produced in any part of the world. Further, adding physical security features like watermarks, holograms etc work only for the people who know what is the current feature of your documents (e.g. difficult for third parties to know that your documents from 2016 use this hologram and from 22-Feb-2018 your organisation switched to another hologram).

With services of Qryptal, the organisation simply generates the unique Qryptal QR Code for each ID card. This code encapsulates all the key details of the ID including photographs. After this, third parties use a free Validator app to simply scan and verify the ID details on demand. If the ID card has to be revoked before the expiry date, then the same can be securely published on the ADR ledger.

  • - Easy integration with existing ID Card Production System
  • - Complete Card life-cycle management including revocation
  • - Easy to validate: simply scan the Qryptal QR Code
  • - All round security & privacy: validation with digital signature verification is performed by App on device

Certificates, Permits & Licenses

The problem: at present it is either cumbersome or close to impossible for a third party to validate government issued documents

Governments all over the world issue millions of certificates, permits and licenses every month. These documents typically originate in some computer system and after due process get handed over to the document holder in either a physical or electronic form.

A few decades back computers, scanners and printers were expensive and it was not easy for the average person to create fake or tampered documents. Now as a side-effect of widespread proliferation of technology, nearly anyone willing has access to tools to create fake documents. Further, there are many nefarious services just a search away providing even easier access to fake documents.

A brief list of departments and authorities issuing such certificates, licenses and permits:

Agriculture and Veterinary Civil Aviation Documents Building and Construction
Health and Safety Shipping and Transportation Homeland Security
Urban and Land Use Police Commercial Licensing
Revenue and Customs Medical & Legal Councils Corporate & Regulatory

The Qryptal Secure QR Code Solution for certificates, licenses & permits

Though we do support ad-hoc and manual generation, for most customers the optimal option would be to integrate the Qryptal Generator with their document production system. Once integrated, the Qryptal QR Code will automatically get added to the document.

The Qryptal QR Code encapsulates all the key details of the document and since it is digitally signed by the organisations’ private key, it cannot be generated by another entity nor can any details be tampered with. Third parties simply use a free Validator app to scan and verify the document details on demand.

  • - Easy integration with existing Document Production Systems
  • - Complete Document life-cycle management including revocation
  • - Easy to validate: simply scan the Qryptal QR Code with App
  • - All round security & privacy: validation with digital signature verification is performed by authorised App on device
  • - Elegant solution with minimal maintenance for long life cycle documents like Birth Certificates

Immigration & Border Security

The problem: The documents issued by the Immigration department like Visas, Work Permits, Residency Permits, Entry Passes and Passports need to be easily validated by different governments, airlines and other entities

Today with the onset of globalisation, there is an unprecedented movement of people across borders. At the same time with ease of forgeries, online scams and terrorism - it is necessary for immigration issued documents to be easily verifiable on demand.

Further, for efficiency and convenience many countries encourage visitors to apply for e-Visa and Electronic Travel Authority (ETA). Unlike traditional Visas which are received from a trusted source (Embassy) - these electronic authorisations are in the form of electronic PDFs which only the issuing authority can validate against their database.

Online fraudsters entice the lay public to “buy” these Visas from their websites.

Neither the airline nor the traveller can validate these e-Visas and when the unsuspecting traveller reaches the borders - they realise that they have been duped and have to return at a great loss to all parties including the host country.

Additionally, this is a huge privacy risk as sensitive traveller information gets exposed to unscrupulous operators.

The Qryptal Secure QR Code Solution for e-Visas, Work Permits, Residency Permits, Entry Passes and Passports

For most immigration departments - the optimal integration option would be to integrate the Qryptal Generator with their in-house document production systems. Once integrated, the Qryptal QR Code will automatically get added to the document.

The Qryptal QR Code encapsulates all the key details of the document and it is digitally signed by the department’s private key. Hence, it cannot be generated by another entity nor can any details be tampered with. Third parties simply use a free Validator app to scan and verify the document details on demand.

  • - Easy integration with existing Document Production Systems
  • - Easy for anyone to validate: simply scan the Qryptal QR Code with App
  • - All round security & privacy: validation with digital signature verification is performed by authorised App on device
  • - Can work on offline mode as well, hence even locations with no internet connectivity can validate

Taxation, Revenue and Customs

The problem: It is difficult to validate receipts and documents issues by the various revenue and tax collecting departments of the government

There is a strong incentive for fraudsters to create fake or tampered receipts to fool the public and law enforcement agencies. With today’s software and printers, it is trivial to create these fake receipts - leading to loss of hundreds of millions of dollars of revenue. Apart from revenue leakage, this increases corruption and adds to friction in the economy which even honest taxpayers have to bear.

With income tax documents the problem can get further compounded by banks extending undue credit based on fake or inflated documents.

A non-exhaustive list of target documents is given below:

Customs Receipts Income Tax Assessments GST Receipts
Certificate of Residency Excise Duty Challans Stamp Duty Receipts
Attestation Receipt Import License Receipt Export License Receipt

With the Qryptal Secure QR Code on receipts and taxation documents, any officer or member of the public can instantly validate the document

The Qryptal Generator can easily be integrated with the existing receipt and document production systems. Once integrated, the Qryptal QR Code will automatically get added to the document without any manual intervention.

  • - Easy integration with existing Receipt and Document Production Systems
  • - Easy for anyone to validate: simply scan the Qryptal QR Code with App
  • - All round security & privacy: validation with digital signature verification is performed by authorised App on device
  • - Can work on offline mode as well, hence even locations with no internet connectivity can validate

HR & Payroll

Reducing documents tampering and improving automation

We come across a lot of documents in the human resources function in companies which are critical and used for different purposes. Educational certificates are also a part but this specific use case has already been explained in another section. Some regular examples are joining or employment offer letter, discharge or exit letter, experience certificate (which could also include information about the last position held, the number of years worked and in some cases last salary drawn), regular payslips and so on. Some of these are needed as proof when applying for a new job, for a loan, for visa purposes, opening of a bank or brokerage account or such other similar requirement.

Since these are used as proof and input for important transaction processing, there is an incentive to manipulate the information to suit the requirements or burnish the credentials. There are multiple instances of fake or tampered experience letters and payslips being submitted to improve prospects of better outcomes. It may require time and effort to verify the authenticity of the documents and may not always be possible. As a result there is always a risk that there maybe a incorrect or wrong decision based on these documents which can have serious long term implications for the organisation. There is a need to be able to verify the information in a simple manner and trust the documents being presented.

Once again a way to tackle this problem is by making sure that all such documents are system generated centrally and the information on them is captured in the form of a Qryptal secure QR code before it gets printed either physically or electronically. In addition the QR code will also have the digital signature of the issuing organisation so that unauthorized modifications can be identified and stopped. This can be then validated by different stakeholders to whom it is presented (other employers, banks, embassies and visa processing service providers etc) and the verified contents can be used for the purpose required with full confidence.

A sample of a service certificate with a QR code encapsulating the details is shown here. On scanning the code all the details contained inside it is visible for verification.

Using such a system offers significant benefits

  • - It works for both printed and electronic documents
  • - It can only be generated by the issuing organisation and cannot be faked or tampered by anyone else
  • - It allows self service verification of document by third parties
  • - Strengthen personal data protection as information is accessed through the QR code and by the use of an authorised app only. Also since the information is stored inside the QR code, there may not be any requirement to get into tripartite information sharing issues
  • - Data domicile issues may be minimal as no online infrastructure is required
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